29-10-04

Oorlog Irak kostte 100-duizend levens


BNR - 29 oktober 2004 09:01


De oorlog in Irak heeft vijf tot tien keer zoveel burgers het leven gekost als de Amerikanen en de Britten tot nu toe hebben gemeld. Dat schrijft het toonaangevende medische tijdschrift The Lancet.

Uit de eerste wetenschappelijke studie naar de menselijke tol die de oorlog heeft geëist, blijkt dat zeker 100-duizend Iraakse burgers zijn gedood. Meer dan de helft van hen waren vrouwen en kinderen.

De Amerikaanse en Britse troepen spreken nog steeds van tien- tot twintigduizend doden.

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www.thelancet.com

This week The Lancet publishes the first scientific study of the effects of this war on Iraqi civilians.

In a unique US-Iraqi collaboration, Les Roberts and his colleagues report substantially more deaths in Iraq since the war began than during the period immediately before the conflict. Much of this increased mortality is a consequence of the prevailing climate of violence in the country, and many of the civilian casualties that are described were attributed to the actions of coalition forces.

These findings-and the tentative countrywide mortality projections they support-have immediately translatable policy implications for those charged with managing the aftermath of invasion.

Interpretation
Making conservative assumptions, we think that about 100000 excess deaths, or more have happened since the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Violence accounted for most of the excess deaths and air strikes from coalition forces accounted for most violent deaths. We have shown that collection of public-health information is possible even during periods of extreme violence.
Our results need further verification and should lead to changes to reduce non-combatant deaths from air strikes.


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